There is a lot of discussion about Smashwords vs Amazon KDP Select exclusivity, especially among indie authors.
A blog post by Mark Coker from Smashwords opened up a fierce debate about the pros and cons of open publishing versus Amazon KDPS (Kindle Direct Publishing Select) exclusivity.
There are interesting comments both on his post and an aggregated version of the post on The Passive Voice.
Amazon exclusivity is one topic in self-publishing that can generate quite heated comments.
What is exclusivity?
For those who may be unfamiliar, it is probably worth outlining what this debate is about and not about.
Firstly, Amazon KDP Select (KDPS) does not affect printed book formats or audiobooks.
Secondly, Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) has no restrictions whatsoever.
You can publish ebooks using standard KDP and sell them on Amazon.
You can also publish on other platforms and sell your ebooks with any number of other retailers, without restriction.
However, for ebooks only, Amazon offers KDP Select.
Enrolling in KDP Select is only for authors and publishers who are willing to grant Amazon total, and I really mean complete exclusivity for a title, for a 90-day enrollment period.
For granting this exclusivity, KDP Select offers promotional tools such as Free ebook Days and Kindle Countdown Deals.
You will also earn 70% royalties from extra countries.
Amazon includes your ebook Kindle Unlimited (KU), which is an ebook subscription service. For KU, Amazon pays you per page read.
To be able to enroll in KDPS, it means that if an ebook title is available anywhere else, you must remove it from sale.
It is where things can get very tricky if you aggregated your ebook to other book retailers with Smashwords.
As Mark Coker pointed out in his blog post, the failure of one of Smashwords’ retailers to promptly remove ebook titles, which is a necessity due to authors entering (and exiting) KDPS, meant that he had to sever his contract with his retailer.
KDP Select exclusivity puts pressure on aggregators
The reason Smashwords acted in this manner was not only due to contractual obligations but also because of the angst that it can cause authors.
Amazon enforces its KDPS exclusivity with an iron fist.
I have received a few of its emails over the years. I know how threatening Amazon can be when it tracks down a title enrolled in KDPS, which is still for sale with another retailer.
No matter how careful you are, though, once an ebook has been aggregated, it can be a very difficult task to ‘pull’ a title quickly.
I have had titles in and out of KDPS over the years. I have to say that Smashwords always acted promptly.
If a title wasn’t removed within ten days or so, one email to its Support desk resolved the problem.
I must add a small proviso here, however. I did a check before writing this post and found a couple of my titles. Smashwords had removed them from their leading retailers, but not from a couple of downstream retailers.
If my understanding is correct, Kobo on-sell their Smashwords published ebooks, and this probably explains why I can find titles listed on fnac.fr and easons.com and perhaps more if I had searched more deeply.
The Internet is a difficult place to manage. Once something lists, it can be challenging to have it taken down.
Smashwords vs. Amazon
The debate about ebook exclusivity is a difficult one.
I have used both KDP Select and open aggregated publishing on Smashwords for a long time now, and usually in combination. I know that there are pros and cons to both.
Without going into a long list, here are a few things to consider.
Open publishing via an aggregator such as Smashwords or Draft2Digital gives an ebook exposure to a broader buying audience.
It will be available for sale on most popular platforms such as Apple, Barnes & Noble and Kobo, and available in almost every country in the world.
Royalty payments are made conveniently via Paypal, but royalties can take some time to be credited following sales.
Using KDPS and going exclusive with Amazon can give a title a sales boost due to the promotional tools such as offering your book for free.
But the availability is restricted to only those countries that have access to a Kindle Store, and then, even fewer limited markets that have access to Kindle Unlimited (KU).
For authors publishing in English, this pretty much boils down to the US and UK markets.
The payment of royalties from Amazon is monthly and made by EFT. But be warned, this payment system is not available in all countries.
If you live outside the US, UK, or a handful of European countries, you could be paid by check, with awfully high minimum earnings before you finally get paid.
I know that there are many opinions regarding KDPS exclusivity versus open publishing in the ebook market.
From my understanding, it can often be as simple as where an author lives as to how they feel about both choices.
All I can say in conclusion is that I have used both and will continue to do so.
But I must also add that every publishing service provider is a business.
So each one is entitled to make (and change) and enforce their rules and terms and conditions of use, which they do, and often with extreme vigor.
So be sure about your publishing options and do your research first before you enroll your book in KDP Select.
Nothing is perfect, so it will always be a matter of weighing up the pros and cons, and choosing what is best for your situation and publishing goals.
Update: Draft2 Digital also offers an alternative self-publishing platform to Smashwords. You can read more about Draft2Digital in this review.