9 Proofreading Techniques And Tips and Tricks

Proofreading Tips and Tricks

Meticulous editing and proofreading can save you a lot of embarrassment.

Many years ago, when I was working in printing and publishing, we had to print 1,000 posters promoting a new concert hall.

There were only four words on the poster—Concert Hall Grand Opening.

It was only when the posters were being packed for dispatch that the delivery driver asked, “What’s a concept hall?”

Yes, everyone involved in the production process missed the clumsy spelling mistake.

The episode has always stayed in my mind. It’s a classic lesson why you need to proofread every word you write.

It doesn’t matter if you are writing for pleasure or business; mistakes can be costly.

You might not have to suffer the expense to reprint 1,000 posters, but your writing reputation is valuable.

If you want to avoid the embarrassment of typos, grammar errors, and spelling mistakes, here are nine tips and techniques to help you proofread more accurately.

1. One problem at a time

Don’t overload your brain by trying to find every type of problem the first time you read through your text.

Take one type of error at a time and correct it. It is easier to focus on one specific, and you are less likely to miss mistakes.

You can start with the formating to check that you numbered your bullet lists correctly or that your paragraph spacing is consistent.

Then you could start your check for spelling errors.


2. Read it aloud

When you were at college or university, did you have a friend who often read aloud to help absorb information?

It’s a technique that can work for some people.

You can apply the same method when you proofread.

When you hear the sentences flowing into each other, you are more likely to identify potential grammatical errors.

It’s often so much easier to identify a sentence as incorrect by reading it out loud.

You could also try reading it to someone else and see if they can pick up on any errors.


3. Read it backward

Reading a text backward is one of the oldest proofreading tips.

You can find so many spelling and grammar mistakes when you aren’t focused on the flow of the text.

Your mind concentrates on the text, either single word by word or sentence by sentence.

You aren’t concerned at all about the story, so you aren’t distracted by any elements of the plot.

Every punctuation mark, word, and sentence stands on its own.


4. Be fresh

If you are trying to proofread late at night when you are exhausted, you might want to give up and go to bed.

It takes a lot of concentration when you are trying to identify tiny errors in a long document.

If you are tired, it’s a long slog, and you are going to miss a lot of mistakes.

It’s always much better and faster to tackle proofreading when you are fresh and relaxed.

You might find the best time for you is in the morning. I know for me, proofreading is much easier and always more accurate if I work on checking texts before midday.


5. Check your facts

You are often citing or stating facts in your writing.

But you should always be sure that your facts are accurate, and if necessary, citing a reliable source.

Check and double-check your sources to make sure. Then check that you have cited these statements correctly.

Also, triple-check that the facts are still 100% accurate when you relate to them in your own words.


6. Print it

Unless you are proofreading a 500-page novel, you should always try and work on a printed copy to help spot mistakes.

A computer screen can be tiring on your eyes.

A printed copy is easier to read, and also more practical to add notes or comments.


7. Don’t rush

If you are trying to proofread a long article in one go, you’re certainly going to miss some errors.

Give yourself plenty of time to work through every line so you can check for common grammar and/or spelling mistakes.

Proofreading is one of the final steps in writing. It’s also the slowest step.

When you rush to do anything, the result is often less than perfect.

Take your time, and as long as you need to do the job right, the first time.


8. Step away

When you finish writing, never try to proofread your text straight away.

It’s always best to step away from it to clear your mind before you proofread.

If you are the author and the proofreader, then take a long time between the two stages.

Your brain needs to cool down from the creative side of writing.

Proofreading is a separate step in the writing process, so take a long break.

For article or essay writing, leave a day between writing and proofreading if you can.

Give your mind the necessary time to split the two tasks.


9. Ask for help

It’s always much better if you can ask someone else proofread for you.

You could ask a friend or family member if you don’t have an editor.

A fresh pair of eyes will always be looking at the text from a different and detached perspective.

In doing so, they will be more likely to find errors or areas that you can improve.

When you write a text, you agonize over it and read it over and over again.

Your mind then has a fixed idea about the plot, story, or flow of your words.

That’s what makes it so difficult for a writer to spot errors.



Proofreading is not an easy task, so you should never take it lightly.

Your writing skills might be first class, but any small error in your writing will stand out to readers.

I know that whenever a tiny typo or mistake slips through my checking process for my blog posts, there is always a kind member of the grammar police on hand to let me know.

Your writing is only as good as the accuracy of your proofreading, so never take any shortcuts.

Derek Haines

A Cambridge CELTA English teacher and author with a passion for writing and all forms of publishing. My days are spent teaching English and writing, as well as testing and taming new technology.

6 thoughts on “9 Proofreading Techniques And Tips and Tricks

  • May 1, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    Proofreading corrects surface writing errors like grammatical, spelling punctuation and other language errors. It requires proper guidance and correct way to apply on paper. You have shared such a knowledgeable tips. Thanks for the article.

  • August 13, 2018 at 10:10 am

    A very helpful article. Will try out the reading backwards tip as I can see how that would work. Definitely agree with editing a paper copy – you wouldn’t think it would make a difference but it certainly does. Great article – thank you Lisa.

  • July 16, 2018 at 1:29 am

    You might want to edit this sentence:

    ‘You might be surprised at what they pick us because they will be unbiased’

    It should say “at what they pick up’. Just a tip.

    I did appreciate your article, though. :)

  • March 8, 2017 at 6:06 pm

    Great tips! I use them on every thing I write! Christine

  • March 7, 2017 at 5:13 pm

    Great tips thank you. With regard to printing it out… Rereading it away from the computer screen is a must! I can guarantee spotting mistakes I have read about 10 times on the computer screen.

    It also works equally well if you read it on an e-reader. I convert the doc to a pdf using DoPDF-7 a free app that creates a virtual printer option in Word. Great little app although there are probably lots more available. I can’t tell you how many forests I have spared!

    Thanks again for the article – Paul


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